Sleep disorders can have a lot of different causes. In addition to genetic, hereditary predispositions, external influences play a major role. Both stress and psychological strain (depression), but also shift work, unfavorable evening routines or “leisure time stress” can lead to sleep problems. If those affected then develop a negative attitude of expectation, the insomnia can also easily take on a life of its own and become an ongoing issue.
It is often difficult for those affected to seek help. Well-intentioned tips from the social environment tend to be seen as an additional burden rather than a help, and other “aids” such as alcohol, caffeine and nicotine only bring superficial, short-term improvements.
In certain forms of sleep disorders, organic causes, diseases or certain sleep-related disorders (e.g. sleep apnea, restless legs syndrome, rheumatism, cancer) may be the underlying cause. In these cases, separate treatment is required.
Difficulties falling asleep and staying asleep describe the main symptomatology of a sleep disorder. Those affected often complain of early waking, disturbed sleep-wake rhythm, and insufficient quality and quantity of sleep despite the best sleep conditions. After a few weeks of persistent sleep disturbance, accompanying symptoms also appear during the day. Often these are then daytime fatigue, increased irritability and a reduction in general performance. Hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism can also lead to sleep disorders, as the body is unable to keep hormone levels within the required limits during the night’s rest.
On average, rested adults take about 15 minutes to fall asleep and spend less than half an hour awake during the night’s sleep. Adults with a sleep disorder, on the other hand, take more than half an hour to fall asleep and also spend more than half an hour awake during the night’s sleep.
Other symptoms of a sleep disorder may include:
to exclude potentially dangerous progression of the disease
Basic neurological examination. Primary Psychosomatic Care. Blood analysis.
12 hours before the examination, if possible, do not take any medication or substances with a direct influence on the central nervous system (moderate coffee consumption is harmless).
If necessary, referral to specialist or follow-up appointment. In special cases, we prescribe sleep-inducing medications.
Health insurance benefit. Special laboratory testing for micronutrients can be obtained as a self-service (costs vary).
Ärztehaus Nymphenburg | 2nd floor
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Thu + Fri: 08:00-12:00
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089 / 856 395 82
Ärztehaus am Stachus | 3rd floor
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