The term “burn-out” was first described by the psychiatrist and psychoanalyst Herbert Freudenberger in 1974 as a condition of people who are initially very committed to their task, and subsequently often feel listless, tired and just “burned out”. Because the terminology is not clearly defined, it is not possible to be specific about what it means to have burnout and how it is determined. Therefore, it is not possible to determine exactly how widespread this condition is.
It is often said that burnout affects those who are strongly committed to a cause – this can be in the professional, but also in the private sphere. In general, however, it can be said that a high workload causes stress. And stress is the biggest risk factor for “burnout.” Stress at work is often triggered by: too much responsibility, severe time pressure, boring routines, unfulfillable demands and expectations, changing shift work, poor working atmosphere, fear for one’s own job.
However, the causes can be more diverse and are by no means exclusively stress-related. Thus, the syndrome also occurs in people with less stress in their daily work. That is why doctors and psychologists see another cause of burnout in the personality of the person affected. Often people with high expectations of themselves are affected. This is often compounded by rather low self-esteem. Those affected lack the necessary coping strategies to deal with frustration and slights – it is difficult for them to say “no”. Nevertheless, they are in need of harmony and do not want to offend their fellow human beings. A discrepancy arises between one’s own demands and the possibilities of everyday life. Those affected suffer from the feeling that they are not being appreciated enough, that they are spending themselves without anything in return.
The causes of burnout are therefore difficult to define and identify. The crucial question is how someone reacts to stress and how they can better deal with it in the future.
Characteristic symptoms of a “burn-out” syndrome are deep emotional, physical and mental exhaustion. Those who suffer from burnout can also develop psychosomatic complaints. The form in which the “burn-out” symptoms manifest themselves varies from individual to individual and also depends on the phase of the illness.
Early signs of burnout include:
Conviction of being indispensable
Constant feeling of not having enough time
Deferring/slandering personal needs
Reduction of social contacts to the professional environment
Restlessness and nervousness
As the disease progresses, psychosomatic symptoms often develop. These include:
Back pain and headaches or muscle tension
Weight loss or gain due to changes in eating behavior
Nausea & indigestion
High blood pressure & palpitations
Do any or all of the symptoms listed here apply to you? Then we offer you a comprehensive burn-out check at our locations in Munich that is individually tailored to you. Together with you, we can make a precise diagnosis, identify your personal burn-out risk and explain the right therapeutic measures. Make your burn-out check appointment online right now!
Ärztehaus Nymphenburg | 2nd floor Rosa-Bavarese-Str. 1 80639 München