If excessive gases form in the gastrointestinal tract, gas accumulation occurs in the digestive tract. Affected persons experience a feeling of being bloated, which results in a more or less strong discharge of intestinal gases. In most cases, flatulence is not a disease and disappears on its own.
The occurrence of flatulence can have psychological, nutritional or physical causes.
Excessive consumption of alcohol, nicotine or coffee
Change of diet, e.g. to a wholefoods diet
Malnutrition or undernourishment
Stress, anxiety, depression
Food intolerancessuch as lactose intolerance, fructose malabsorption
During pregnancy: in addition to abdominal tightness, many women suffer from hormone-induced intestinal sluggishness with increased gas formation
Irritable Bowel Syndrome
Blind sac syndrome: Bacterial malabsorption
Small intestine parasites (Giardia lamblia)
Short bowel syndrome after bowel resection
Drugs with active ingredients such as miglitol, acarbose
Flatulence is usually not dangerous, but it is annoying and sometimes very painful. The type and severity of impairment varies with each patient. Typical symptoms are a distended, tense abdomen, outgoing wind, bloating, loss of appetite and inner restlessness. Often flatulence is directly related to what has been eaten and drunk. They disappear by themselves within a few hours.
If flatulence is accompanied by other symptoms such as vomiting, nausea, abdominal cramps, diarrhea or constipation, and if these are very pronounced or last for a remarkably long time, a doctor should be consulted.
Exclusion of dangerous diseases in the abdominal region
Diagnostics / Procedure
Medical history, physical examination, ultrasound diagnostics, blood sampling, stool test if necessary.
Appear sober and empty-stomached. In special cases, we prescribe “defoamers” in the form of tablets to be taken on the day of the examination so that gas formation does not interfere with the ultrasound examination.
If necessary, take stool test samples with you to hand in later. Appointment for follow-up. if necessary, issuance of a prescription or referral.
Cost prices for special laboratory requirements outside the scope of standard care vary widely. Otherwise, the service is covered by the health insurance or according to the official regulation of charges for physicians (GOÄ).
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